Gib Maroc - BU £5 Mons Calpe & Gibraltar Airways

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Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II


Mons Calpe and the Gibraltar Airways connections between Morocco and Gibraltar over the Strait of Gibraltar

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Issued - Gibraltar

Year - 2022

Metal - Cupro-Nickel

Diameter - 38.61mm

Denomination - £5

Weight - 28.28g

Shape - Round


The Strait of Gibraltar is the only water passage between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It is between Europe and Africa; on one side is the southern tip of Spain and Gibraltar, and on the other is northern Morocco and Ceuta. The distance between the Rock of Gibraltar and Morocco is only 7.7 nautical miles (14.24 kilometres, 8.9 miles) at its narrowest point.

On the 8th of June 1969, Spain closed the border with Gibraltar. The decision came when General Franco was angered at the prospect of Gibraltar's new Constitution. He feared this would negatively affect Spain's sovereignty claim over the Rock, which had been ceded to Britain in perpetuity under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. The closure tore families apart. Gibraltar turned to Morocco for labour and food and strengthened its ties with the UK. The economy underwent a fundamental change at that time which changed the focus from imports and labour by land to imports and labour by sea, largely from Morocco across the Strait. The GIBAIR DC-3 and the MV Mons Calpe, depicted on the coin design, were the two methods of transport between Gibraltar and Morocco. The closure also shaped Gibraltarians' sense of identity as a people. Franco's attempt to bring Gibraltar to its knees failed. It survived. After 13 difficult years, the border reopened for pedestrians on 15 December 1982, and fully on 5 February 1985.

Gib Maroc - BU £5 Mons Calpe & Gibraltar Airways